The splendid Forts and Palaces of the princely state of Rajasthan are known the world over for their logistic and architectural brilliance. These formidable citadels were constructed by the valiant Rajput kings who ruled vast territories and protected them with all the power and might at their command by erecting numerous forts all over the state. While some have gained prominence over others, these six fortifications described here will disclose a lot about the way of life of the former rulers of the kingdom. Almost all Rajasthan Toursim Packages will cover these major forts in the state.
Dating back to the sixteenth century, Amber or Amer Fort as it is usually called is located high up on a hill overlooking the Maota Lake. This visual delight constructed by Raja Man Singh was built with marble and red sandstone and is a perfect blend of Mughal and Rajput architecture. Attractions at Amer include the spectacular Sheesh Mahal or the Palace of Glass and other halls decorated vividly with impressive works of art. The Sound and Light show after sunset is an unmissable experience.
Perched atop a hill, Jaigarh fort is often referred to as the Fort of the eagles, because of its high and strategic location. The fort was built to protect the city of Amer and Jaipur by Maharaja Jai Singh in the eighteenth century. Jaigarh fort at one time used to be one the biggest armory dumps of the Rajput leaders and is home to Jaivana, the biggest cannon on wheels in the world.
This splendid citadel occupies a vantage position atop two hills and overlooks the world famous Ranthambore National Park. This crumbling fort has withstood the ravages of time and a few important structures like Jogi Mahal, Badal Mahal, and Shiva temple still draw devotees in large numbers. The roar of the Tigers in the background remind visitors about this once popular hunting ground of the Royals.
This once impregnable fort is a UNESCO world heritage site and is said to be the oldest in Rajasthan. The seventh-century monument portrays a lot about the history of the state, with many tales lying concealed within the structure. The Fort has seven entry points and attracts a large number of Hindu and Jain pilgrims who come to seek blessings in the many temples which lie within the boundaries.
A brainchild of Maharana Kumbha, this formidable bastion is perched high up on the Aravali mountains at an altitude of nearly 1915 metres. The walls extend to a distance of over 36 km, second only to the Great Wall of China.
Situated on Trikuta hill, Jaisalmer Fort is the second oldest fort in Rajasthan and provides great views of the Tha Desert and the unending sand dunes. This UNESCO world heritage site has temples, homes, markets and everything conceivable a chaotic urban town can hold. The triple-layered walls hold two large cannons and 99 bastions for safety.
Rajasthan as a whole is a treasure trove of heritage and history, with innumerable tales of valour and bravery reminisce of the rulers doing the rounds. The sheer brilliance of the majestic forts, constructed by them will leave you full of awe and wonder.
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